NECROPOLIS OF VETULONIA
Vetulonia is an Etruscan archaeological site discovered at the end of the ninet19th century. In the necropolis you will find tombs and funerary monuments of different ages. In the area have been found precious finds included in funerary equipment such as pottery, objects and jewels, now kept in the museum.
In Roselle you can visit the Etruscan and Roman archaeological site. On the site you can admire part of the walls built by the Etruscans that enclose the ancient city. The walls in some points reach the height of 7 meters and are classified as cyclopean walls because of the large mass of stone used to build it. Outside the walls there is the Roman archaeological area, where you can see the ruins of the amphitheater and the beautiful Domus of the Mosaics, a complex villa full of finds with part of the mosaic floors still well preserved.
One of the most beautiful places in Orbetello is the Cathedral of San Biagio and Concattedrale di Santa Maria Assunta. Inside you can admire the chapel of the Santissimo Sacramento, the Chapel dedicated to San Biagio and the excavations of the ancient apse visible underground.
The Cathedral of Grosseto, also known as Cathedral of San Lorenzo, is the main place of worship in the city. It stands out for its beautiful facade made in romantic style with white and red marble bricks. The bicolor style is also inside in the pillars and arches that separate the three naves. There you can also admire the high altar in Baroque style and the 15th century baptismal font.
The Archaeological and Art Museum of the Maremma is housed in the halls of the Palazzo del Vecchio Tribunale. In 40 halls the history of the Maremma is traced from prehistory to Etruscan civilization, from the Romans to the Medieval period. In the same palace you can visit the Museum of Sacred Art of the Diocese of Grosseto, full of works of art by Sienese artists.
The Talamone Rock is a medieval fortress built by the Aldobrandeschi family in the 13th century. It was a sighting tower to check the sea area in front of it. In 16th century was seriously damaged after several pirate attacks and the subsequent restoring gave it the appearance we can see today. The Talamone Rock was also a meeting point for the Expedition of the Thousand.
Near Porto Ercole you can visit the Forte Stella, a massive military construction built by the Spaniards with the support of Cosimo I de ‘Medici in the 16th century. Located on the Argentario promontory, it could communicate with other towers and fortresses included in the defensive system of the area. Its massive structure is formed by external wall with pentagonal perimeter and internal walls with a quadrangular perimeter, once completely surrounded by a moat, hardly inexpugnable.
PORTO SANTO STEFANO
The Spanish fortress of Porto Santo Stefano dates back to the 17th century and is formed by a quadrangular structure that was used until the Second World War. Today it hosts art exhibitions, including Memorie Sommerse (Submerged memories) dedicated to underwater archeology and Maestri d’Ascia (masters of ax) dedicated to the wood boats construction techniques.